Source: Brazilian Amazon and Brazilian Pantanal
Native of tropical South America, especially the Amazon rainforest territories of Bolivia, Guyana, Colombia, Peru, and Venezuela, Copaiba Trees are common in the northwest Brazilian Amazon.
A Copaiba Tree can reach 25 to 40 meters in height and can live up to 400 years. Copaiba Balsam is mostly sustainably-harvested from trees older than 10 years and with a diameter reaching at least 40 cm, up to three times a year. On average ½ to 2 liters of oil-resin can be collected from an adult tree every harvest.
The harvesting process of Copaiba oil-resin is still rudimentary: A hole is drilled into the wood with a drilling device such as an auger until it reaches the center of the trunk where the resin is accumulated. A tube is installed into the hole to collect the oil-resin, which drips into a container that is placed on the ground for 7 - 10 days. The harvesting season runs from May to December.
The active properties of Copaiba resin are due to a group of phytochemicals called sesquiterpenes diterpenes and terpenic acids. Copaiba resin is the highest known natural source of caryophyllene and has been extensively documented as having powerful anti-inflammatory, pain-relieving, and antifungal properties.
Sesquiterpenes are partially responsible for the earthy-woody aroma of the oil-resin as well as for the color, which varies from pale yellow to golden light brown and pink.
We buy our fresh Copaiba Balsam, which contains high levels of sesquiterpenes, from the Brazilian Amazon during each of the three-month harvesting seasons. Our Copaiba Balsam comes directly from the trees, with no dilution or refining. Just the pure, fresh, and earthy woody nature scented goodness.
Even though it has been officially approved in the U.S. as a food additive, and is used in foods and beverages as a flavoring agent, as well as a fixative in perfumes, the absorption of large concentrations of Copaiba oleo-resin through the skin in sensitive individuals can cause nausea, vomiting, fever, and skin rashes.
When used as an additive/fixative in botanical perfumes, Copaiba Balsam blends well with spices like cardamom, nutmeg, Cedarwood, citrus oils, sage, jasmine, rose, vanilla, and ylang ylang.