- Color/Scent: Medium to Dark Pink/Light berry scent
- Extraction: Certified Organic Vegetable Glycerin
- Part of the plant used: Aronia Berries
- Shelf Life: 1 year AP
- Suggested concentration use: 1-10 %
Raising as the new “super-food” Aronia berries are high in vitamins, minerals and folic acids, and many studies show they are also one of the richest plant sources of proanthocyanins and anthocyanins, the water-soluble pigments responsible for giving Aronia berries its dark purple reddish color.
Introduced to western gardens as a landscape plant around 1700. The plant produces white flowers in spring, green foliage in summer, black fruits in late summer, and bright yellow-orange-red foliage in autumn.
Aronia (Photinia melanocarpa) commonly known as “black choke-berry" due to sharp, mouth-drying effect resultant to Aronia high content of astringet properties, is a woody perennial shrub in the rosaceae family, native to the eastern United States and hardy to zone three and imported to Eastern Europe
Large-scale commercial cultivation of Aronia started in the Soviet Union in the late 1940s as a means for producing their own source of vitamin C. Today the plant is cultivated in large scale in Poland in and other European countries
The Aronia berry industry in the United States is in the early stages of development. Aronia produces loose clusters of 10 to 15 berries at the ends of shoots with about one-quarter inch in diameter that ripen from late August through mid-September. Production is centered on Harrison County in western Iowa, but still today many small farmers leave their plants grow wild since price per pound “don't compensate the effort that large companies are wiling to pay.”
In wildlife habitat and in wildlife gardens, black choke-berry provides food for white-tailed deer and rabbits, and fruits for ruffed grouse, sharp-tailed grouse and prairie chickens, and pigs.
This plant should not be confused with chokecherry (Prunus virginiana), which is also a native American plant somewhat similar to Aronia in appearance, but whose leaves, stems, and seeds contain toxic amounts of prussic acid (Trinklein 2007).
Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) per USDA's table of ORAC values lists the value for raw choke-berry (Aronia) at 15,280 umol TE/100 g, nearly three times the value in blueberries and blackberries and one and one-half times the value in black currants and cranberries.
The high levels of anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin (concentration in chokeberries are among the highest measured in plants to date) have shown that may improve circulation by strengthening capillary walls, inhibit enzymes that break down collagen, reduce allergy production
Choke-berries also contain a large amount of vitamin C (10% of the Daily Value (DV)), vitamins A and E, quercetin with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, minerals such folate and iron, polyphenols - a group of antioxidants that includes phenolic acids, anthocyanins, and flavanols.
HOW THESE NEW FOUND BERRY HELPS OUR SKIN
It widely known that berries may help reduce skin wrinkling, as their antioxidants help control free radicals, one of the leading causes of skin damage that contributes to aging.
Antioxidants can protect skin by blocking the production of enzymes that break down collagen preventing the skin from sagging and developing wrinkles.
Anthocyanins, responsible for the color of red, purple, or blue, darker of lighter depending on their pH (acid or alkali) around the molecule. The anthocyanin turns bright pink in acids, reddish-purple in neutral solutions and green in alkaline or basic solutions. Therefore, the color of your final product will be determined by the PH of it.